Reading A Great Classic Together (21/8)

I’ll be reading a classic book along with Tim Challies. This time the book will be Overcoming Sin and Temptation by John Owen. More specifically, we’ll be reading his classic book ‘The Mortification of Sin‘ Overcoming Sin and Temptation

And here’s a brief introduction of John Owen written by Challies:

John Owen is known as being one of the greatest theologians in the history of the church and one who offered penetrating analysis of the human condition. Though his works are reputed as being difficult to read, they always prove worth the effort. Jerry Bridges says, “To read Owen is to mine spiritual gold.” Mark Dever says, “Sin is tenacious, but by God’s grace we can hate it and hunt it. John Owen provides the mater guide for the sin-hunter.” And Phillip Ryken insists that, “John Owen is a spiritual surgeon with the rare skill to cut away the cancer of sin and bring gospel healing to the sinner’s soul. Apart from the Bible, I have found his writings to be the best books ever written to help me stop sinning the same old sins.” Are you getting the theme there?

What it’ll look like:

Each week we’ll each read one chapter of the book. I’ll post my reflection on the chapter, and I’ll also post the link of Challies’ reflection on the same chapter on my post as well.

We’ll start our first post on 8th Sept, so do get a copy of the book and read the first chapter by that day!

How you can join in:

If you are interested in reading this book together, you can get a copy of the book Overcoming Sin and Temptation, here, and here (free international shipping), Kindle, free pdf.

If you’re interested in buying a copy of The Mortification of Sin you can get a copy here, and here (free international shipping), Kindle, pdf.Mortification of Sin


Meet the Puritans (8) (11/8)

Lewis Bayly (c. 1575 – 1631)

Lewis BaylyLewis Bayly was born most probably to Thomas Bayly, a curate  and Judith Appleton. Lewis was known for his preaching, and was appointed chaplain to Prince Henry, when King James became the King. He was a conformed Calvinist, who respected the authority of the church.

The Practice of Piety is the most famous work by Lewis Bayly, which was published in 1608 written shortly after his wife had passed away. Bayly then went to earn a Bachelor and Doctorate in divinity in 1613. He was then appointed to be chaplain to the King in 1616, and was consecrated as Bishop of Bangor in December that year.

Bayly died in Oct 1631, but his remaining years was filled with accusations and charges which harassed him for around 10 years. Bayly however, was able to successfully defend himself through all the charges, and was never charged for any of the accusations.

Here are some of his works:

The Practice of Piety: here, and here (free international shipping), Kindle, mobi, pdf, html


Paul Baynes (c. 1573 – 1617)

Paul Baynes is the sort of prodigal son we are familiar with. He was born in 1573, and was so ungodly that the father removed him from any family inheritance until he showed some signs of repentance. Soon after his father’s death, Paul Baynes was converted and was soon growing in his godliness. He was known for being well-read, sharp wit and depth of judgement, and heavenly conversations.

Paul earned a Bachelor of Arts (1594) and a Master degree in 1597 from Cambridge. And succeeded William Perkins as lecturer in St Andrews after he served a few years as a fellow at Christ’s College. Baynes was a nonconformist, and was heavily opposed by Samuel Harsnet, the chancellor to Archbishop Brancroft. Being exceptionally gifted, Baynes was targeted by Harsnet to be banished,  however he handled himself so well that all charges against him was dropped!

Baynes lived his remaining years in poverty and in ill-health, and was finally passed away in 1617. Richard Sibbes, his successor at St Andrews, who was converted under his preaching, and was deeply shaped by his teaching, often called him “our Paul”.

Here are some of his works:

Brief Directions unto a Godly Life: here, mobi, pdf, html

A Caveat for Cold Christians: mobi, pdf, html

Commentary on Ephesians: here, and here (free international shipping), mobi, pdf, html

The Diocesans’ Trial: here, and here (free international shipping), mobi, pdf, html

The Christian Letters of Mr. Paul Baynes: here, and here (free international shipping), mobi, pdf, html

Meet the Puritans (7) (4/8)

Richard Baxter (1615 – 1691)

Although Richard Baxter was the only son, he lived the first 10 years of his life with his maternal grandparents, instead of his own parents due to his father’s debt and gambling habit and mother’s poor health. But upon returning, Baxter had a good serious talk with his father, Richard Baxter, Sr. who since had converted through the reading of scriptures, it was through these serious talks with his father that Richard Baxter recounted as his conversion point.Richard Baxter

Richard did not have much formal education, but mostly learnt through his self-reading, he was deeply influenced by authors like William Perkins, Richard Sibbes and Ezekiel Culver. He then enrolled into a grammar school and was persuaded not to enroll into university and instead was mentored for 18 months under Richard Wickstead, the chaplain of Ludlow Castle.

At the age of 23, Baxter was ordained deacon and therefore had joined the conformist, thinking that they had a better cause. Baxter would later develop a deeper appreciation for nonconformity when he served briefly for 9 months as assistant minister at Bridgnorth, Shropshire. Baxter also had accompany the army during the early days of Civil War, and was compelled to leave in 1647 due his his prolonged illness. It was during this period of illness that Baxter wrote the first part of ‘The Saints’ Everlasting Rest‘.

In the ensuing years, Baxter laboured laboriously through pain as he served at Kidderminster, in which the congregation grew not only in numbers, but also in godliness. In 1662, almost at the age of 50, Baxter was ejected from the Church of England because of the Act of Uniformity. It was also around this time where Baxter married Margaret Charlton, this marriage at first raised some consternation, due to their age disparity (Margaret was in her early 20s then). But their fears were dispelled after the excellence of their marriage was seen by others.

For his remaining years, Baxter would be hounded by magistrates, with possessions being confiscated and imprisoned various times. All these lasted until 1989, 2 years before Baxter eventually died, where the Toleration Act was passed. Baxter spent his remaining time writing and eventually penned about 150 treaties, not counting his hundreds of unpublished letters and papers.

Here are some of his works:

A Call to the Unconverted: here, and here (free international shipping), mobi, pdf, html (Some discernment is required for this work since Richard Baxter do hold some weird stance towards a hypothetical kind of universalism)

Dying Thought (Abridged): here, and here (free international shipping), mobi, pdf, html

The Practical Works of Richard Baxter:

4 Vols: here, and here (free international shipping)

Vol 1: here, and here (free international shipping)

Vol 2: here, and here (free international shipping)

Vol 3: here, and here (free international shipping)

Vol 4: here, and here (free international shipping)

23 Vols: Go to here

The Reformed Pastor: here, and here (free international shipping), mobi, pdf, html

Reliquiae Baxterianae: None currently, but here’s an upcoming project on it

The Saints’ Everlasting Rest: here, and here (free international shipping), html

The Saints’ Everlasting Rest (Abridged): here, and here (free international shipping)


One of the best kindle deals for Baxter:

Four of his works in one (Reformed Pastor, The Causes and Danger of Slighting Christ and His Gospel, Saints’ Everlasting Rest, A Call to the Unconverted) in mobi ($0.99)

Meet the Puritans (6) (21/7)

Sorry for the short post today, we have only 1 puritan today, but lots of resources from him. And do look forward to the next puritan on the list! I’m pretty sure you would have heard of him!

William Bates (1625 – 1699)

William BatesWilliam Bates was a well-esteemed nonconformist preacher, who had surprisingly played a major role int he restoration of King Charles II. Bates graduated from Queen’s college with a Bachelor of Arts in 1625, and a masters of Arts in 1648. He was a very fruitful minister, first he was appointed to be the royal chaplain in 1660, after Charles II was restored, was also appointed commissioner for the approbation of ministers and was (by royal mandate) given a doctorate in divinity from Cambridge University.

The following year, Bates was also involved in the review of public liturgy (representing the Presbyterian) which includes identifying weaknesses in the The Book of Common Prayer.

Finally in 1662, Bates was ejected because of the act of uniformity, he took no offense at it, and in his last sermon to his congregation at St. Dunstan’s Church, made no mention of the coming ejection and only mildly mentioned in his conclusion about his fear of offending God.

Many of Bates’s work are deemed to be practical and heavenly yet never tedious, and ought to be read by many who are interested in the works of puritans.

Here are some of his works:

Complete works of William Bates (4 vols)Here

Here are the online versions.

Vol 1pdf

Vol 2pdf, mobi

Vol 3pdf, mobi

Vol 4pdf, mobi

The Harmony of the Divine Attributes in the Contrivance and Accomplishment of Man’s Redemption Here, and here (free international shipping), pdf, mobi

The Four Last Things, Death, Judgment, Heaven and HellHere, and here (free international shipping), pdf, mobi


Next week: Richard Baxter

Meet the Puritans (5) (14/7)

Robert Asty (1642 – 1681)

The life of Robert Asty seems rather sparse. His father was ejected from the church of England on St. Bartholomew’s Day (24th August 1662), and he  too stay out of the church from then on.

He then opened a grammar school in 1663 and taught there for the next 10 years. In 1668, Asty married Lydia Sammes, and had 7 children together. Asty would eventually grief over the lost of 3 of his children before his own death in October 14 1681, at the age of thirty-nine. One interesting fact, his second son, John, was actually classmate with Isaac Watts whilst studying together for the ministry, they eventually went to be associated colleagues in the Independent Church.

Here is one of his work:

A Treatise of Rejoicing in the Lord Jesus in All Cases and Conditionshere, html (This looks like an excellent book, I think I might be getting it myself)


Sir Richard Baker (1568 – 1645)

Sir Richard Baker

Richard Baker was born in 1568 to a wealthy family, his father was a lawyer and his mother was the daughter of Reginald Scott. At the age of 16, Baker then went Oxford to study law, however he left some time later and went to the continent to acquire languages and experience cultures. He finally went back to Oxford and complete his Masters in 1594.

Baker then married Margert Mainwaring, whereby he became a surety for her family’s debt. In 1625, Baker was reported to be a debtor to the crown and was thrown into prison in 1635 where he stayed for the next 10 years until his death.

Richard Baker is well known for his historical writings, such as A Chronicle of the Kings of England.

Here is one of his work:

Meditations and Disquisitions upon Certian Psalmshere, and here (free international shipping), mobi (this is just converted over from the pdf from the format may not be the nicest while in mobi), pdf

Meet the Puritans (4) (7/7)

Today we come to one of the “giants” of the Puritans:

William Ames (1576 – 1633)

Ames 220px-William_Ameswas born on 1576, and was educated at Christ’s College, Cambridge University at the age of 18. Both of Ames’ parents died when he was young and he was raised by his maternal uncle.  Ames graduated from university with a bachelor of Arts 4 years later, and after another 3 more years of studies, he graduated with a Masters of Arts in 1601.  It was in this period, through the preaching of William Perkins, Ames went through a dramatic conversion experience. From then on, being a sincere hearted christian was Ames’ life goal and his works will be evidence of this desire.

Ames was exiled to the Netherlands 1610 because of his fearless and critical preaching, which denounced the local festival of its vices. It will be in the Netherlands whilst being exiled where Ames will excel. In the Netherlands, Ames will be recognised for his  abilities in systematic theology and would be named the ‘Augustine of Holland’.

In 1622, Ames was appointed the professor of theology at Franeker University, despite protest from the English authorities. It was in this year that Ames received his Doctor of Theology having defended his thirty-eight(!) theses and four corollaries on the ‘nature, theory and practical working of conscience’. Ames continued teaching in this university until his death in 1633 due to pneumonia.

Here are some of his most famous works:

Conscience, with the power and cases thereofHere, and here (free international shipping), pdf, mobi

The Marrow of TheologyHere, and here (free international shipping), pdf, mobi

An Analytical Exposition of Both the Epistles of the Apostle Peter – pdf, mobi


Meet the Puritans (3) (23/6)

Vincent Alsop (1630 – 1703)

Vincent AlsopVincent Alsop was an ordinary minister, who ministered at Wilby, Northamptonshire. One noteworthy event of his life was how he continue preaching even when he was ejected in 1662, and was jailed for 6 months because he prayed with a sick person.



This is the book recommended by MtP (Meet the Puritans):

Practical Godliness: The Ornament of All Religion – Get it here and here (international shipping)

This was described as rare in MtP, now you can have it for free.

Modest Apparelpdf, mobi


Isaac Ambrose (1604-1664)

Isaac AmbroseIsaac Ambrose was a preacher who had his B. A. in 1624, and a M.A in 1632. He was appointed to be one of the four itinerant preachers for the king, and focus on areas that were steeped in Roman Catholicism. Shortly after serving there, he got married.

He was then selected to be a vicar of Preston in Amounderness by Lady Margaret Hoghton. Whilst he was previously loyal to the king, he became a Puritan and a Presbyterian in 1643. Because of his belief he was arrested twice by was quickly released during to his connection with the Hoghtons and reputation for godliness.

Interesting, Ambrose written a work on angels and in it, he writes about how angels defends and keep us safe and also as servants of God.

Here’s some works by him:

The Christian Warrior: Wrestling with Sin, Satan, the World, and the Flesh – Here and here (free international shipping),  pdf

Looking Unto Jesuspdf, mobi

Prima, Media, et Ultimapdf, mobi

The Well-Ordered Familypdf, mobi

The Works of Isaac Ambrosepdf, mobi

Meet the Puritans (2) (2/6)

Sorry for missing out on one week of Meet the Puritans, was extremely busy with it, and thus was delayed for one week.

Today we meet with 3 Puritans.

Henry Airay

Henry Airay (1580 – 1616)

Henry Airay

Although there was only a short section on Henry Airay, yet it was shown that he was an impressive student. Began studying at the age of 20 and obtained his 4th degree, a Doctor of Divinity at the age of 40! And an impressive career, he was elected provost in 1599, and became vice-chancellor of Oxford in 1606.

The most outstanding work by Henry Airay is his 95 sermons on Philippians. This can found here. If however, you’re interested to get a hardcopy of it, you can get it here, and here (free shipping).


Joseph Alleine

Joseph Alleine

Joseph Alleine (1634 – 1668)

Although Joseph Alleine was schooled in Oxford, under both John Owen and Thomas Goodwin, and lived a life like a scholar whilst in Oxford. Joseph Alleine was no arm-chair theologian, rather devoted much time to preaching to prisoners, visiting the sick and ministering to the poor.

With regards to his piety, Joseph Alleine, as a student often spent excessive amount of time studying, often depriving himself of food and sleep. And daily he would often devote the time between four and eight o’clock in the morning  for private worship. His own wife remarked that Joseph Alleine “would be much troubled if he heard smiths, or other craftsmen at work at their trades, before he was at communion with God: saying to me often, ‘How this noise shames me! Doth not my Master deserve more than theirs?‘” Indeed, He does, and Joseph Alliene puts me to shame, often being too lazy to wake up any earlier to have private worship.

With regards to his preaching, Joseph Alleine preached on average one or two sermons everyday, before he was arrested and thrown into prison. Even in prison, he continued to preach and also wrote theological and pastoral letters.

His most famous work, An Alarm to the Unconverted, which as the title suggests is an evangelistic treatise on conversion and call of the gospel, and is still an important read for pastor to know how to call sinners in their congregation to repent and believe in the Lord Jesus. You can get it here, and here (free shipping). Free PDF and mobi found here.

If you’re interested to read up more on his biography, you can refer to The Life and Letters of Joseph Alleine, and here (free shipping). And here’s free PDF, and mobi found here.


Richard Alleine (1611 – 1681)

Richard Alleine is the uncle and  father-in-law of Joseph Alleine. He was enrolled into Oxford at the age of 19. His father was not only the rector of the parish church, he also served as Richard’s tutor prior to his enrolment to Oxford. Richard completed his studies with a Bachelor of Arts (1631) and a maters’s degree with high honour (1634).

Following which, Richard began to serve as a priest in the diocese of Salisbury, until 1642 where he declared himself to be a Puritan,  subscribing to the Solemn League and Covenant of 1643. Richard was loved by his congregation for his tender care of souls and preaching and was well known for his writings, his piety and his soul-searching ministry.

Richard Alleine is most well known three works are as follows:

Heaven Opened: The Riches of God’s Covenant – Talks about the nature and blessings of God’s covenant with His People. Here (for free shipping). Free PDF here.

Instructions about Heart-work – This is an extensive exposition on the book of Proverbs. Here (for free shipping). Free PDF here.

The World Conquered by the Faithful Christian – A book that encourages christians to continue to fight the good fight in the Christian warfare against spiritual evil. Here (for free shipping). No fee PDF could be found, sorry.


Lastly, a quote from Richard Alleine:

“Repentance, if it is sincere, will be universal. It will extend to every known sin. He who does not repent of everything that is evil truly repents of nothing”

Meet the Puritans (1) (20/5)

Today we start our first “Meet the Puritans” Sorry for being two days late, was writing out the book review for Monday and that’s why this was delayed.


Thomas Adams

Today, we’re looking at two puritans, Thomas Adams and Henry Ainsworth. I certainly haven’t heard of these 2 Puritans but a quick search does bring up many quick details about them.

Thomas Adams, as described is a Calvinist and although there are not much details about him, one thing that is sure is that he is definitely an eloquent preacher and writer.

Here’s some quick link on the works by Thomas Adams and also sermons by him as well.

Henry Ainsworth

Not much is also known about Henry Ainsworth, a search did not reveal more things about him either. But he is well known for his work on the Pentateuch, Psalter and Song of Songs.

Here’s a video on one of the psalter he wrote.

And here is a link to the pdf of the Psalter he wrote.

Lastly, a quote by Thomas Adams, HT Tony Reinke

Whom he chose before they were created, and when they were lost redeemed, he will not forsake being sanctified.

Meet the Puritans Every Week With Me

I’ll be posting on this book, “Meet the Puritans” by Joel R. Beeke And Randall J. Pederson.

beeke_meetWould you be interested to join me? I’ll be blogging on this book every Sunday, commenting on one or two Puritans every week. Hopefully, by the end of this year, we would have covered a huge portion of this massive book, and would have a better understanding of these great Christian men.

Leave me a comment if you would like to join in this conversation.


You can get your books here and the kindle version ($8.99) here.

For those of you who don’t live in the US (like me), get yours here (free shipping).